General Information About Body Contouring After Massive Weight Loss
Today one of the most popular answers to obesity is bariatric surgery. More people are opting for the surgical alternative with its consistent track record of success. Of all the available methods for weight loss, bariatric surgery is currently the most effective method of sustainable weight loss for the overweight or obese patient, and for amelioration of obesity-related complications. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, the number of bariatric operations has risen each year, with an estimated 205,000 procedures performed in 2007. The popularity of bariatric surgery has led to an increasing population of post-bariatric patients who require body contouring surgery. According to statistics released by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, about 66,000 body contouring procedures were performed in 2006.
The current mainstay of bariatric surgery procedures is drastic reduction of food consumption by means of restricted food intake, malabsorption of the food, or a combination of both interventions. The two most common bariatric surgeries are the laparoscopic adjustable banding (LAGB) and the roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). LAGB is a restrictive procedure in which a small stomach pouch is created, resulting in early and prolonged satiety. The RYGBP procedure involves both restrictive and malabsorptive components. Typically, weight loss surgeries produce weight loss within a year after surgery, which is three to four times superior to what can be achieved with non-surgical weight management programs. More importantly, most of the lost weight is maintained for many years.